Solar Energy

The first thing that needs to be said among the benefits of solar energy is that this energy species will never end. Energy types such as natural gas and oil, which are used today, can be consumed in the future. But there is no such thing as the depletion of solar energy. Unlimited energy, common energy source, clean energy, easy to store and a relatively low cost system is now a preferred system. In addition, the atmosphere has become an environmentally friendly installation by not giving out toxic gases. The importance of energy resources has become increasingly important. This importance is increasing more and more. Developed technologies are connected to solar energy. Utilizing solar energy systems, infrastructure costs also fall. It has become the most preferred energy source in a short time with its low cost investment cost and high efficiency. The solar energy system attracts attention and attention with its environmental sensitivity. As the use of solar energy in Turkey develops, you will have an environmentally friendly and economic resource. The use of solar energy has been greatly improved.

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It is aimed to expand the solar energy systems. For this reason, it is expected that vehicles and robots working with solar energy will be produced. We can understand the power of solar energy with the movement of a vehicle. The tools that are introduced with the economic and environmental features of solar energy attract attention in international races every year. These vehicles convert the sunlight to 20% efficient electricity and meet the energy demand. On the other hand, water-heating solar energy systems meet the need for an average of 60% efficiency.

Solar energy panels also meet what you need in the winter months. Because panels do not yield according to the temperatures. Pulls directly onto the sun’s rays and obtains heat. Thanks to the vacuum tubes available in the solar panels, it can take the sun’s rays from every angle and directly. In this way, every hour of the day gives the rays of the sun

How Does the Solar Panel Work?

On solar panels, an energy source, there are many solar cells that absorb solar energy. Solar panels are a system that turns solar light into electricity. When sunlight falls on working panels, direct current begins to be produced in the panel. Solar energy panels are connected in series or parallel according to the preferred power. Wherever it is needed, a house can meet all its electricity needs. The energy of a solar cell is measured by its efficiency. According to the seasonal changes of the solar panels, it is possible to obtain sufficient efficiency in all seasons. Turkey in general 60 degree winter slope and solar panels due to the characteristics of snow accumulation and prevents ice.

How to Build a Solar Panel?

The interaction of the sunlight and the semiconducting silicones creates a voltage due to the plus and minus charges. By combining a large number of solar cells with direct current capability, solar panels producing up to 130 W of energy with a yield of -17 are produced. The generated electricity is stored and stored in the battery. DC electric energy is converted to AC electric energy for use in living space vehicles. Firstly, these panels, which are produced for the purpose of supplying electricity for spacecraft, have expanded their usage area since they have increased their capacity over time. The conversion of sunlight into electricity is called photovoltaic effect. The latest panels can generate enough electricity even in the weather where there is a shadow. Solar energy systems are used to heat and purify water.

How is Solar Panel Design?

A system for generating electricity from solar energy uses a battery, a battery charge regulator, an inverter and necessary electronic circuits. Depending on the system, these requirements may vary. The battery group is added to the system if there is a solar panel depending on the amount of energy and if the number is determined and there is no sun energy is needed. A battery charge regulator is used to prevent overloading of the battery. In this case, it may interfere with current flow from the solar batteries or cut off current flow. Inverters are used to convert the direct current in the panel to the alternating current in the desired system. If preferred, the maximum power point tracker is added to the system as an extra.

The solar energy, which has recently been an alternative to the world’s new energy search, comes out as the energy obtained by using the photons emitted from the sun’s rays. Photon name is given to the smallest unit of sun rays. The photons have a reflection feature, and after the rays of the sun hit a point, they are reflected again in a fully symmetrical direction of a vertically drawn line. In the same way, photons entering a system that absorbs the sun’s rays are constantly reflected to the system when they are trapped here, so that the fast bee effectively generates an effective energy source together with effective warming. This effect is given in general terms as sera effect name. Using the greenhouse effect feature, the sun became a new source of energy. Solar panels are among these energy systems.

Uses of Solar Energy

The areas of use of solar energy are very broad. This system, which can be preferred as an alternative to electricity energy especially in the illumination of large areas, factories and parks, is at the forefront of sustainable energy sources. While the various methods used in the production of electricity harm the environment, solar energy is not only a danger to exhaust energy resources of future generations with its depletion ability, but also takes place among environmentally friendly energy systems. Areas of use for solar energy include illuminating the nights of the plates, charging the phones, heating the water in homes and at various locations, and operating the cooling systems.

What is the Working Principle of Solar Panels?

Another name for solar panels is photovoltaic panels. These panellists also have the ability to convert solar energy into electricity, while at the same time enabling the photons they receive from the sun to reach high energy levels. Panels are made up of silicon given cells. These cells, made of silicon material, are extremely successful in absorbing photons from the sun. Once the absorbed photons reach the high energy level through the reflection, the electrons move towards the bottom of the panel and the connection is transformed into electrical energy in the connection cable. Of course, there are many different mechanisms in this system in terms of hardware elements. This system can be used in many places.

Solar Energy Panels and Requirements Account

The most basic elements for obtaining electricity from solar energy are solar panels. Solar panels (solar panels) are produced in various shapes. However, the working principles are the same. The required energy is calculated in advance and the requirement of an operator is determined in KW / H. The energy required by every electrical device used in homes is certain. All electrical equipment to be used can be determined by collecting the electricity consumed by the clock.

For example, the energy that will be consumed by 10 100 Watt lamps will be 10 × 100 Watt = 1 kW. Panels have a wide range of Watts. Only the system that will be built for the operation of these lamps will be 8 x 130 Watt panels and the energy they will generate will be 8x 130 W = 1040 Watt = 1.040 KW. As can be seen, the watt values ​​of the electrical devices to be used in the operation are collected and systems are created according to the needs. Nowadays with the development of LED technology, lamps now provide 5 Watt LED illumination instead of 100 Watt. Instead of lighting 10 lights with the same number of panels, 200 5 Watt LED lights can be illuminated.

Yield Evolution in Solar Panels

In the 1950s, the yield from solar panels was around 5%, but now the yield is 20%. In our country, the energy to be obtained from the sun per square meter is calculated as 1300 watts. This is a high yield.

Requirement Account for Solar Panels

It is also taken into account how many hours from the location the sun is taken when calculating the electrical load of the operator. If a region receives 6 hours of uninterrupted sunshine throughout the day and an energy demand of 5 kilo Watt per day is enough, a panel capable of giving 1 kilo Watt of energy and doing it for 6 hours a day will suffice. 1 kilo Watt energy remaining in the post;

Negative outdoor conditions
Contamination of panel glass
Variable heat of the day
Right angle of the sun

Such factors may disappear. Moreover, this calculated system is calculated according to the least solar season during the year. In summer, the yield is not 5 Kilo Watt, but it can reach 8-9 kilo Watts.

solar panel measurements

Solar Panels are produced as standard 129 cm x 99 cm. But the output values of the panes may be different. Six 175 watt panels can be used side by side for the above system. This indicates that an area of about 8 square meters is needed. Panel prices are priced at an average of 2.50 euros per Watt. This means that 6 panels are required;