The first thing that needs to be said among the benefits of solar energy is that this energy species will never end. Energy types such as natural gas and oil, which are used today, can be consumed in the future. But there is no such thing as the depletion of solar energy. Unlimited energy, common energy source, clean energy, easy to store and a relatively low cost system is now a preferred system. In addition, the atmosphere has become an environmentally friendly installation by not giving out toxic gases. The importance of energy resources has become increasingly important. This importance is increasing more and more. Developed technologies are connected to solar energy. Utilizing solar energy systems, infrastructure costs also fall. It has become the most preferred energy source in a short time with its low cost investment cost and high efficiency. The solar energy system attracts attention and attention with its environmental sensitivity. As the use of solar energy in Turkey develops, you will have an environmentally friendly and economic resource. The use of solar energy has been greatly improved.
It is aimed to expand the solar energy systems. For this reason, it is expected that vehicles and robots working with solar energy will be produced. We can understand the power of solar energy with the movement of a vehicle. The tools that are introduced with the economic and environmental features of solar energy attract attention in international races every year. These vehicles convert the sunlight to 20% efficient electricity and meet the energy demand. On the other hand, water-heating solar energy systems meet the need for an average of 60% efficiency.
Solar energy panels also meet what you need in the winter months. Because panels do not yield according to the temperatures. Pulls directly onto the sun’s rays and obtains heat. Thanks to the vacuum tubes available in the solar panels, it can take the sun’s rays from every angle and directly. In this way, every hour of the day gives the rays of the sun
On solar panels, an energy source, there are many solar cells that absorb solar energy. Solar panels are a system that turns solar light into electricity. When sunlight falls on working panels, direct current begins to be produced in the panel. Solar energy panels are connected in series or parallel according to the preferred power. Wherever it is needed, a house can meet all its electricity needs. The energy of a solar cell is measured by its efficiency. According to the seasonal changes of the solar panels, it is possible to obtain sufficient efficiency in all seasons. Turkey in general 60 degree winter slope and solar panels due to the characteristics of snow accumulation and prevents ice.
The interaction of the sunlight and the semiconducting silicones creates a voltage due to the plus and minus charges. By combining a large number of solar cells with direct current capability, solar panels producing up to 130 W of energy with a yield of -17 are produced. The generated electricity is stored and stored in the battery. DC electric energy is converted to AC electric energy for use in living space vehicles. Firstly, these panels, which are produced for the purpose of supplying electricity for spacecraft, have expanded their usage area since they have increased their capacity over time. The conversion of sunlight into electricity is called photovoltaic effect. The latest panels can generate enough electricity even in the weather where there is a shadow. Solar energy systems are used to heat and purify water.
A system for generating electricity from solar energy uses a battery, a battery charge regulator, an inverter and necessary electronic circuits. Depending on the system, these requirements may vary. The battery group is added to the system if there is a solar panel depending on the amount of energy and if the number is determined and there is no sun energy is needed. A battery charge regulator is used to prevent overloading of the battery. In this case, it may interfere with current flow from the solar batteries or cut off current flow. Inverters are used to convert the direct current in the panel to the alternating current in the desired system. If preferred, the maximum power point tracker is added to the system as an extra.
The solar energy, which has recently been an alternative to the world’s new energy search, comes out as the energy obtained by using the photons emitted from the sun’s rays. Photon name is given to the smallest unit of sun rays. The photons have a reflection feature, and after the rays of the sun hit a point, they are reflected again in a fully symmetrical direction of a vertically drawn line. In the same way, photons entering a system that absorbs the sun’s rays are constantly reflected to the system when they are trapped here, so that the fast bee effectively generates an effective energy source together with effective warming. This effect is given in general terms as sera effect name. Using the greenhouse effect feature, the sun became a new source of energy. Solar panels are among these energy systems.
The areas of use of solar energy are very broad. This system, which can be preferred as an alternative to electricity energy especially in the illumination of large areas, factories and parks, is at the forefront of sustainable energy sources. While the various methods used in the production of electricity harm the environment, solar energy is not only a danger to exhaust energy resources of future generations with its depletion ability, but also takes place among environmentally friendly energy systems. Areas of use for solar energy include illuminating the nights of the plates, charging the phones, heating the water in homes and at various locations, and operating the cooling systems.
Another name for solar panels is photovoltaic panels. These panellists also have the ability to convert solar energy into electricity, while at the same time enabling the photons they receive from the sun to reach high energy levels. Panels are made up of silicon given cells. These cells, made of silicon material, are extremely successful in absorbing photons from the sun. Once the absorbed photons reach the high energy level through the reflection, the electrons move towards the bottom of the panel and the connection is transformed into electrical energy in the connection cable. Of course, there are many different mechanisms in this system in terms of hardware elements. This system can be used in many places.
In the 1950s, the yield from solar panels was around 5%, but now the yield is 20%. In our country, the energy to be obtained from the sun per square meter is calculated as 1300 watts. This is a high yield.
Solar Panels are produced as standard 129 cm x 99 cm. But the output values of the panes may be different. Six 175 watt panels can be used side by side for the above system. This indicates that an area of about 8 square meters is needed. Panel prices are priced at an average of 2.50 euros per Watt. This means that 6 panels are required;